Provinces and territories Canada

Provinces and territories in Canada in Canada

Update 26. April 2024

Population density Ontario and Québec

About 35.15 million people are living in the second largest country on earth, but most of them in the few big cities. Toronto is the largest city in Canada. The word “Canada” is derived from “Kanata”, a term from the Iroquois language and means village or settlement. Canada consists of 10 provinces and three territories, each with its own provincial capital.

Ontario and Québec, which are just two of 10 provinces and 3 territories of Canada, have a total land area of 2,265,156 km². This is about 6.3 times the size of Germany.

Provinces and territories CanadaSize comparison East Canada - Germany
Size comparison East Canada – Germany

A total of 21.61 million people are living in this area, that is just 9.5 people per km². In the United Kingdom, on the other hand, it is 281 people per km2 with a total population of 67.756 million and in Germany 229 people share one km², out of a total population of 81.768 million.

The rest of Canada will be even less crowded. This is where the remaining 14 million people of Canada’s total population are to be found.

Four-fifths of Canada’s population live in the major cities, which means that the population/km² in the countryside is even smaller. Therefore, it should not be difficult to find a place where you can spend your free time in peace and quiet.

Land area and population of the provinces and territories in Canada

in ABC order ( source: Statistics Canada, 2016 )


Flag Canada
  • Overall: Canada (CND)
  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Land area (km²): 8.965.121
  • Population: 35.151.728 (2016) The current estimate is around 38.5 million.

Alberta (AB)

Flag Alberta - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: Alberta (AB)
  • Capital: Edmonton
  • Land area (km²): 640.082
  • Population: 4.067.175

British Columbia (BC)

Flag British Columbia - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: British Columbia (BC)
  • Capital: Victoria
  • Land area (km²): 922.510
  • Population: 4.648.055

Manitoba (MB)

Flag Manitoba - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: Manitoba (MB)
  • Capital: Winnipeg
  • Land area (km²): 552.330
  • Population: 1.278.365

Newfoundland & Labrador (NL)

Flag Newfoundland - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: Newfoundland& Labrador (NL)
  • Capital: St. John’s
  • Land area (km²): 370.511
  • Population: 519.716

New Brunswick (NB)

Flag New Brunswick - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: New Brunswick (NB)
  • Capital: Fredericton
  • Land area (km²): 71.377
  • Population: 747.101

Northwest Territory (NT)

Flag Northwest Territory
  • Territory: Northwest Territory (NT)
  • Capital: Yelloknife
  • Land area (km²): 1.143.794
  • Population: 41.786

Nova Scotia (NS)

Flag Nova Scotia - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Provinvce: Nova Scotia (NS)
  • Capital: Halifax
  • Land area (km²): 52.939
  • Population: 923.598

Nunavut (NU)

Flag Nunavut
  • Territory: Nunavut (NU)
  • Capital: Iqaluit
  • Land area (km²) : 1.877.788
  • Population: 35.944

Ontario (ON)

Flag Ontario - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: Ontario (ON)
  • Capital: Toronto (größte Stadt Kanadas)
  • Land area (km²): 908.608
  • Population: 13.448.494

Prince Edward Island (PEI)

Flag Prince Edward Island - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: Prince Edward Island (PEI)
  • Capital: Charlottetown
  • Land area (km²): 5.686
  • Population: 142.907

Québec (QC)

Flag Quebec - Provinces and territories Canada
  • Province: Québec (QC)
  • Capital: Québec City
  • Land area (km²): 1.356.547
  • Population: 8.164.361

Saskatchewan (SK)

Flag Saskatchewan
  • Province: Saskatchewan (SK)
  • Capital: Regina
  • Land area (km²): 588.240
  • Population: 1.098.352

Yukon Territory (YK)

Flag Yukon Territory
  • Territory: Yukon Territory (YK)
  • Capital: Whitehorse
  • Land area (km²): 474.713
  • Population: 35.874